Solidago species

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Scientific Name Solidago canadensis USDA PLANTS Symbol
SOCA6
Common Name Canadian Goldenrod ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
36224
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Widespread distribution from plains to montane; damp meadows, streamsides, ditch banks, roadsides; may also inhabit dry, open slopes and forests.
Plant: Erect perennial up to 5 feet tall; stout, smooth stems growing in large patches.
Leaves: No basal leaves; stem leaves are lanceolate with three veins, sharply serrate and 2 to 5 inches long; generally smooth on top and with very fine, short hairs beneath.
Inflorescence: Large panicles of many small (1/8-inch long) yellow composite flowers on panicle branches, each blossom with 10 to 17 short rays.
Bloom period: July-October.
References: Descr. adapted from USDA Plant Guide, "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, and SEINet.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Solidago missouriensis USDA PLANTS Symbol
SOMI2
Common Name Smooth Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
36277
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Plains to montane; stream banks, roadsides, rocky slopes, open areas.
Plant: Erect perennial up to 18 inches tall, stout, hairless stems growing in clumps.
Leaves: Lower stem leaves up to 4 inches long, becoming shorter upward, narrow, almost linear, with hairy edges.
Inflorescence: Many very small composite flower heads in clusters about 8 inches long; each with 5 to 14 bright yellow ray florets (petals) and 8 to 20 central disk florets; blunt-tipped, green phyllaries.
References: Descr. adapted from "Guide to Colorado Wildflowers" by G.K. Guennel and SEINet.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Solidago multiradiata USDA PLANTS Symbol
SOMU
Common Name Rocky Mountain Goldenrod ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
36279
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Subalpine and alpine; sunny, exposed areas. Widespread.
Plant: Erect perennial 4 to 20 inches tall, reddish stems with fine hairs growing in clumps.
Leaves: Petiolate basal leaves, sessile stem leaves; up to 4 inches long, oblanceolate to spatulate, smooth faces, edges somewhat toothed and with small hairs.
Inflorescence: Many (4 to 75+) small composite flower heads in dense, round-topped clusters; each flower with 12 to 18 bright yellow rays and 10 to 35 central disk florets.
References: Descr. adapted from "Guide to Colorado Wildflowers" by G.K. Guennel, "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield and SEINet.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Solidago nana USDA PLANTS Symbol
SONA
Common Name Baby Goldenrod, Dwarf Goldenrod ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
36280
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Foothills to montane; meadows, open wooded slopes.
Plant: Erect perennial 4 to 20 inches tall; smooth, reddish stems growing in clumps.
Leaves: Basal and lower stem leaves up to 4 inches long, short-hairy surfaces, spatulate to oblanceolate, with somewhat toothed edges and petiolate; upper stem leaves shorter and have smoother edges, sessile.
Inflorescence: Many (30 to 100) small composite flower heads in dense, round-topped clusters (broadly corymbiform arrays); each flower with 6 to 10 bright yellow rays and 8 to 20 yellow disk florets.
References: Descr. adapted from "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield and SEINet.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Solidago simplex var. simplex (Solidago simplex ssp. simplex var. simplex) USDA PLANTS Symbol
SOSIS3
Common Name Mt. Albert Goldenrod, Sticky Goldenrod ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
566823
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane to alpine; meadows, wooded areas, alpine slopes.
Plant: Erect perennial 2 to 24 inches tall depending on altitude/conditions; single or multiple stems, smooth near base.
Leaves: Basal and lower stem leaves 2 to 4 inches long, smooth surfaces, narrowly oblanceolate or spatulate, pointed or rounded tips, toothed edges, lower ones with winged petioles; upper stem leaves lanceolate to linear, shorter and have smoother edges, sessile, and may be sticky.
Inflorescence: Many (3 to 150) small composite flower heads in narrow to broad panicles; each flower with 7 to 16 bright yellow rays and 6 to 31 central disk florets; resinous (sticky) phyllaries.
References: Descr. adapted from www.americansouthwest.net, "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, and SEINet.
Colorado Status
Native
© Tom Lebsack 2017