Potentilla species

 DSC7088-Edit

Colorado Cinquefoil (Potentilla subjuga)

Click on the images below to see larger versions.

Scientific Name Potentilla hippiana USDA PLANTS Symbol
POHI6
Common Name Woolly Cinquefoil ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
24718
Family Rosaceae (Rose) efloras.org
Reference
Click Here
Description Life zones and habitat: Montane and subalpine; widely spread in sunny open areas, meadows, hillsides and gravelly slopes.
Plant: Perennial up to 20 inches tall; slender, whitish, hairy, erect but leaning stems.
Leaves: Mostly basal, 2 to 6 inches long, pinnately-divided into 7 to 11 leaflets, silvery and hairy on top, wooly beneath. See photos below.
Inflorescence: Clusters of a few to several yellow flowers, each with 5 petals, each about 1/4-inch long, and hairy sepals beneath.
References: Descr. adapted from US Forest Service, Guide to the Common Potentilla Species of the Blue Mountains Ecoregion
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Potentilla pensylvanica USDA PLANTS Symbol
POPE8
Common Name Prairie Cinquefoil ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
24736
Family Rosaceae (Rose) efloras.org
Reference
Click Here
Description Life zones and habitat: Foothills to subalpine; dry areas in fields, prairies, meadows.
Plant: Perennial up to 20 inches tall; erect stems.
Leaves: Up to 8 inches long, pinnately-compound; upper surface usually greenish, lower surface nearly white; 5-9 (sometimes 11) oblong, deeply-lobed leaflets, 1/2 to 1-1/4 inches long, the lower ones smaller and the upper 3 larger. A few stem leaves.
Inflorescence: Clusters of several yellow 5-petaled flowers surrounded by leaf-like green sepals.
References: Descr. adapted from US Forest Service, Guide to the Common Potentilla Species of the Blue Mountains Ecoregion
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Potentilla pulcherrima USDA PLANTS Symbol
POPU9
Common Name Beautiful Cinquefoil ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
504586
Family Rosaceae (Rose) efloras.org
Reference
Click Here
Description Life zones and habitat: Montane and subalpine; moist areas in meadows and on hillsides.
Plant: Perennial 12 to 30 inches tall; erect stems.
Leaves: Basal, compound leaves, 5 to 9 digitate leaflets, lanceolate to oblong 3/4 to 3 inches long, toothed edges; upper surfaces greenish hairy, dense white hairs below. See photo below.
Inflorescence: Open clusters of many yellow 5-petaled flowers; hairy pointed sepals just below.
References: Descr. adapted from US Forest Service, Guide to the Common Potentilla Species of the Blue Mountains Ecoregion
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Potentilla rubricaulis USDA PLANTS Symbol
PORU3
Common Name Red-stemmed Cinquefoil, Rocky Mountain Cinquefoil ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
504589
Family Rosaceae (Rose) efloras.org
Reference
Click Here
Description Life zones and habitat: Alpine; tundra, open, rocky areas.
Plant: Perennial less than 8 inches tall; reddish, reclining stems.
Leaves: Basal, compound leaves, 3 to 5 digitate leaflets; toothed edges; upper surfaces deep green, woolly beneath. Few stem leaves.
Inflorescence: Open clusters of yellow 5-petaled, saucer-shaped flowers, longer than sepals; pointed sepals just below.
References: Various.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Potentilla subjuga USDA PLANTS Symbol
POSU5
Common Name Colorado Cinquefoil ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
504590
Family Rosaceae (Rose) efloras.org
Reference
Click Here
Description Life zones and habitat: Subalpine and alpine; dry areas, gravelly slopes and meadows.
Plant: Perennial to 12 inches tall, many stems.
Leaves: Pinnately-compound leaves with the first 3 leaflets digitate, another opposite pair with a length of leaf stem separating the pair below the first three leaflets, and a much smaller pair still further down the stem; leaf surface may be green or grayish-green, underside white-woolly. See photo below.
Inflorescence: Saucer-shaped yellow flowers less than 3/4-inch across, with 5 overlapping petals and hairy sepals.
References: Various.
Colorado Status
Native


© Tom Lebsack 2017