Valeriana species

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Scientific Name Valeriana acutiloba var. acutiloba USDA PLANTS Symbol
VAACA
Common Name Sharp-leaf Valerian ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
530770
Family Valerianaceae (Valerian) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane and subalpine. Moist areas in meadows and forest openings.
Plant: Erect, smooth perennial 6 to 18 inches tall.
Leaves: Basal leaves on short stalks, undivided, obovate-spatulate to oblong or ovate up to 3 inches long; opposite stem leaves in 2 to 4 pairs, usually pinnately-lobed with small side lobes.
Inflorescence: Very small pinkish-white flowers about 1/4-inch across in small hemispherical clusters less than 2 inches across; each blossom with five lobes (or petals) and protruding stamens.
References: Descr. adapted from Montana Plant Life and "A Guide to Rocky Mountain Plants" by Nelson and Williams.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Valeriana edulis var. edulis USDA PLANTS Symbol
VAEDE
Common Name Edible Valerian, Tobacco Root ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
35360
Family Valerianaceae (Valerian) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane and subalpine. Moist areas in meadows, hillsides.
Plant: Erect, smooth perennial 24 inches tall in Colorado.
Leaves: Numerous, large basal leaves on short petioles, linear to obovate-shaped up to 6 inches long, hairless surfaces but hairy edges; smaller opposite stem leaves in 2 to 6 pairs, mostly pinnately-lobed with narrow segments.
Inflorence: Very small greenish-white flowers much less than 1/4-inch across in a compact panicle with opposite branching; flowers are dioecious (separate male and female flowers) or bisexual; lobes/petals rolled up; male blossoms with 3 slightly protruding stamens.
References: Descr. adapted from EFLORA-BC, Burke Museum-Washington and SEINet.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Valeriana occidentalis USDA PLANTS Symbol
VAOC2
Common Name Western Valerian ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
35362
Family Valerianaceae (Valerian) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane to alpine. Moist areas in meadows, hillsides and tundra.
Plant: Erect perennial up to 30 inches tall; curving, grooved stem.
Leaves: Numerous, large basal, spatulate leaves on short petioles; smaller opposite pairs of pinnately-compound stem leaves, each with lanceolate to ovate leaflets, and upper stems divided into linear-lanceolate lobes or leaflets.
Inflorence: Very small white flowers less than 1/4-inch across in a compact panicle with opposite branching; flowers are dioecious (separate male and female flowers) or bisexual; 5 pointed lobes/petals; male blossoms with 3 protruding stamens.
References: Descr. adapted from various sources, incl. "Guide to Colorado Wildflowers" by G.K. Guennel, "A Guide to Rocky Mountain Plants" by Nelson and Williams, and observation.
Colorado Status
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2017