Corallorhiza species

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Scientific Name Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata USDA PLANTS Symbol
COMAM7
Common Name Spotted Coralroot, Summer Coralroot ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
894892
Family Orchidceae (Orchid) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Foothills to subalpine. Wooded areas, aspens groves, conifer forests.
Plant: Erect perennial, fleshy, reddish stem up to 24 inches tall.
Leaves: None.
Inflorescence: Single erect raceme of 6 to 20 small flowers about 3/4-inch long with 3 dark red/brownish sepals and 3 white petals with reddish/purple spots, lower one forming a larger lip. The lower lip in var. maculata is not spread out, as compared to var. occidentalis in which it is much broader; the plant is otherwise similar.
References: Descr. adapted from SEINet, North American Orchid Center and "Guide to Colorado Wildflowers" by G.K. Guennel.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Corallorhiza trifida USDA PLANTS Symbol
COTR18
Common Name Yellow Coralroot, Early Coralroot ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
894654
Family Orchidceae (Orchid) SEINet
Reference
Click Here
Description Life zones and habitat: Foothills to subalpine. Moist areas in aspens groves, conifer forests.
Plant: Erect perennial, fleshy, greenish-yellow stem 4 to 10 inches tall.
Leaves: None. One to three alternate leaf-like sheaths along stem.
Inflorescence: Single erect raceme of 3 to 18 small flowers, each less than 1/2-inch long; 3 sepals and 3 petals, yellowish white to pale yellow-green; lateral sepals bent back, lateral petals and upper sepal converge to form hood; lower petal forms a lip, often purple-spotted.
References: Descr. adapted from SEINet, North American Orchid Center and www.borealforest.org.
Colorado Status
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2017