Castilleja species

Castilleja miniata 4310

Scarlet Paintbrush (Castilleja miniata)

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For the yellow Castilleja species, click here.

Scientific Name Castilleja integra USDA PLANTS Symbol
CAIN14
Common Name Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
33131
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Plains to montane; dry areas, sagebrush meadows, woodlands, etc.
Plant: Erect perennial 6 to 16 inches tall with clusters of unbranched, hairy stems.
Leaves: Alternate, stalkless, undivided blades linear to linear-lanceolate, 3/4 to 2-3/4 inches long; smooth edges, sometimes rolled-up; green to reddish-green; upper surfaces smooth, lower with matted, short woolly hairs.
Inflorescence: Dense spikes 1 to 4 inches long of several to many blossoms comprised of thin greenish tubes surrounded and enclosed by leaf-like colorful bracts, green at the bases becoming red-orange toward the tips; early the green, tubular flowers are almost completely hidden by the showy bracts that are longer than the flower, obovate, 3/4 to 1-1/2 inches long, hairy, and occasionally divided into 3 sharp lobes, the lateral lobes much smaller than the central lobe. Maturing flower tubes become more prominent.
References: Descr. adapted from SEINet and www.americansouthwest.net and "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Castilleja linariifolia USDA PLANTS Symbol
CALI4
Common Name Wyoming Paintbrush, Narrow-leaf Paintbrush ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
33138
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) formerly Scrophulariaceae SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Foothills and montane; dry, sunny areas in meadows, forests, hillsides.
Plant: Erect, usually branched perennial, 6 to 36 inches tall; stems greenish-purple.
Leaves: Alternate, very narrow linear leaves, edges entire or with lateral lobes on upper leaves.
Inflorescence: Dense spikes 2 to 8 inches long of several to many blossoms comprised of thin greenish tubes surrounded and mostly enclosed by leaf-like showy bracts, green at the bases becoming red or red-orange toward the tips; early the flower tubes are almost completely hidden by showy, narrowly 3-lobed bracts 5/8 to 1-3/4 inches long; somewhat hairy to smooth. Maturing flower tubes become more prominent.
Notes: Differences with C. miniata below include bracts that have more green, and the life zone occurence, normally being found at lower elevations. C. linariifolia is the State flower of Wyoming.
References: Descr. adapted from "Flora of Colorado" Jennifer Ackerfield, SEINet and www.americansouthwest.net.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Castilleja miniata USDA PLANTS Symbol
CAMI12
Common Name Scarlet Paintbrush, Red Indian Paintbrush ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
33069
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) formerly Scrophulariaceae SEINet
Reference
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Description b>Life zones and habitat: Foothills to subalpine; moist areas in meadows, along streams and in forests.
Plant: Erect perennial 10 to 28 inches tall with clusters of usually unbranched, sticky, hairy stems.
Leaves: Alternate, stalkless, linear to lanceolate, up to 1-1/4 to 3-1/4 inches long with three prominent lengthwise veins; entire edges, upper leaves sometimes split into 3 lobes.
Inflorescence: Dense spikes 1 to 4 inches long of several to many blossoms comprised of thin greenish tubes surrounded and enclosed by leaf-like colorful bracts, green at the bases becoming scarlet red, or sometimes orange and salmon pink toward the tips; early the green, tubular, two-lipped flowers are almost completely hidden by the showy bracts that are longer than the flower and are entire or cleft into sharp lobes. Mature flower tubes become more prominent.
References: Descr. adapted from SEINet and www.americansouthwest.net, "The Alpine Flora of the Rocky Mountains" by Richard W. Scott, and "Guide to Colorado Wildflowers" by G.K. Guennel.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Castilleja rhexiifolia USDA PLANTS Symbol
CARH4
Common Name Rosy Paintbrush, Splitleaf Indian Paintbrush ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
33164
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) formerly Scrophulariaceae Wildflower Center
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Subalpine and alpine; moist areas in meadows, along streams and in forests.
Plant: Erect perennial with clusters of branches, 10 to 24 inches tall; smooth or slightly hairy stems.
Leaves: Alternate, linear to lanceolate leaves 1-1/4 to 2-3/4 inches long, edges entire, uppermost may have 3 shallow lobes.
Inflorescence: Dense spikes of several to many blossoms comprised of thin greenish tubes surrounded and mostly enclosed by leaf-like showy bracts, green at the bases becoming purplish or rose, occasionally red toward the tips; early the flower tubes are almost completely hidden by bracts oblong to ovate, rounded, entire with 1 or 2 pairs of short, lateral lobes.
References: Descr. adapted from "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, University of Washington and www.americansouthwest.net.
Colorado Status
Native



© Tom Lebsack 2018