Gentiana species

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Scientific Name Gentiana affinis (Pneumonanthe affinis) USDA PLANTS Symbol
GEAF
Common Name Rocky Mountain Gentian, Pleated Gentian ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
29964
Family Gentianaceae (Gentian) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane and subalpine; rocky areas in dry meadows, occasionally in wetlands.
Plant: Erect or reclining perennial up to 16 inches tall; purple-tinged stem with small hairs, unbranching except at tips.
Leaves: Clasping stem leaves, opposite, lanceolate to elliptic-ovate, 1/2 to 1-1/2 inches long, smooth upper surface, small hairs on edges.
Inflorescence: Several to many purple-blue flowers in a relatively short and dense spike subtended by leaf-like bracts; narrow funnel-shaped corolla tube about an inch long with 5 pointed lobes; yellow anthers.
Bloom Period: July-September.
References: Descr. adapted from "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield and SEINet.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Gentiana parryi (Pneumonanthe parryi) USDA PLANTS Symbol
GEPA
Common Name Mountain Gentian, Parry's Gentian ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
29980
Family Gentianaceae (Gentian) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane and subalpine; moist areas in meadows, along stream banks, bogs, thickets.
Plant: Clump-forming perennial up to 15 inches tall; leafy stems.
Leaves: Stem leaves opposite, ovate to lanceolate, smooth.
Inflorescence: Deep blue, barrel- or cup-shaped flowers 1 to 1-1/2 inches long and 1 inch across; 5 petals and 5 sepals fused together, light-colored throats, yellow stamens.
Bloom Period: July-September.
References: Descr. adapted from "Guide to Colorado Wildflowers" by G.K. Guennel and SEINet.
Colorado Status
Native
Scientific Name Gentiana prostrata (Chondrophylla prostrata) USDA PLANTS Symbol
GEPR3
Common Name Pygmy Gentian, Moss Gentian ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
29983
Family Gentianaceae (Gentian) Montana Field
Guide Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Alpine; meadows, grassy slopes, ridges, around ponds and bogs.
Plant: Annual less than 3 inches tall; slender, weak, leafy stems.
Leaves: Smooth, overlapping elliptic leaves, less than 1/2-inch long, hugging the stem.
Inflorescence: Tiny, single tubular flowers 3/4-inch long, green calyx (tube) below 4 blue pointed lobes joined by pleats that open during the day.
Bloom Period: July-September.
References: Descr. adapted from "Guide to Colorado Wildflowers" by G.K. Guennel.
Colorado Status
Native

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© Tom Lebsack 2017