Potentilla species

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Colorado Cinquefoil (Potentilla subjuga)

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Scientific Name Potentilla hippiana USDA PLANTS Symbol POHI6
Common Name Woolly Cinquefoil ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 24718
Family Rosaceae (Rose) SEINet
Reference
Click Here
Description Life zones and habitat: Foothills to subalpine (6000 to 11500); widely distributed in sunny open areas, meadows, hillsides and gravelly slopes.
Plant: Perennial up to 20 inches tall; slender, whitish, hairy, erect but leaning stems.
Leaves: Mostly basal and crowded, 2 to 6 inches long overall, pinnately-divided into 5 to 13 leaflets, oblanceolate, 1/2 to 1-1/2 inches long, toothed edges, silvery and hairy on top, wooly beneath. See photos below.
Inflorescence: Branching cyme with ascending branches of a few to several yellow flowers, each with 5 petals, sometimes with shallowly-notched tips, each about 1/4-inch long, slightly longer than the hairy, gray-ish sepals beneath.
Bloom Period: June to August.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, Flora of North America, SEINet and US Forest Service, Guide to the Common Potentilla Species of the Blue Mountains Ecoregion
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native
Scientific Name Potentilla pensylvanica USDA PLANTS Symbol POPE8
Common Name Prairie Cinquefoil ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 24736
Family Rosaceae (Rose) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Foothills to alpine (5300 to 13000 ft.); dry areas in fields, prairies, meadows.
Plant: Perennial 2 to 14 inches tall; a few or more erect or sometimes decumbent, grayish-green stems.
Leaves: Basal leaves up to 8 inches long, pinnately-compound; upper surface usually greenish, lower surface nearly white; 5-9 (sometimes 11) oblanceolate, leaflets, 1/2 to 1-1/4 inches long, the lower ones smaller and the upper 3 larger; leaflets cleft to about halfway with about 10 lobes. A few stem leaves.
Inflorescence: Numerous yellow 5-petaled flowers in branched, open cyme, each blossom surrounded by leaf-like green sepals.
Bloom Period: June to August.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, SEINet and US Forest Service, Guide to the Common Potentilla Species of the Blue Mountains Ecoregion
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native
Scientific Name Potentilla pulcherrima USDA PLANTS Symbol POPU9
Common Name Beautiful Cinquefoil ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 504586
Family Rosaceae (Rose) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane to alpine (7000 to 13000 ft.); moist areas in meadows, creeksides and on hillsides.
Plant: Perennial 12 to 30 inches tall; erect stems.
Leaves: Basal, compound leaves on petioles 3/8 to 8 inches long; 5 to 9 digitate leaflets, lanceolate to oblong 3/4 to 3 inches long, shallow-toothed (less than half-way to mid-rib) margins; upper green surfaces smooth to slightly hairy, dense white hairs below. See photo below.
Inflorescence: Open clusters of many yellow 5-petaled flowers; hairy pointed sepals just below.
Bloom Period: June to August.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield and US Forest Service, Guide to the Common Potentilla Species of the Blue Mountains Ecoregion
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native
Scientific Name Potentilla rubricaulis USDA PLANTS Symbol PORU3
Common Name Red-stemmed Cinquefoil, Rocky Mountain Cinquefoil ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 504589
Family Rosaceae (Rose) Southwest Colorado Wildflowers Ref. Click Here
Description Life zones and habitat: Alpine; tundra, open, rocky areas.
Plant: Low-growing perennial with reddish, reclining stems less than 16 inches long; hairy foliage (stems, bractlets and leaves).
Leaves: Basal, compound leaves, 3 (ternate) or 5 (digitate) leaflets; toothed edges; upper surfaces deep green and somewaht hairy, greyish and woolly beneath; stem leaves fewer and smaller.
Inflorescence: Solitary or cymes of a few small, yellow 5-petaled, saucer-shaped flowers; petals narrow at the base, broad and slightly notched at the tip, orange tinge at the base; 5 green pointed sepals, each about 2/3 as long as the petals; numerous stamens and pistils; small, linear bractlets along pedicels below.
Bloom Period: June to August.
References: "Alpine Flora of the Rocky Mountains" by Richard Scott, www.americansouthwest.net and SW Colorado Wildflowers.
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native
Scientific Name Potentilla subjuga USDA PLANTS Symbol POSU5
Common Name Colorado Cinquefoil ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 504590
Family Rosaceae (Rose) Flora of North America Ref. Click Here
Description Life zones and habitat: Montane to alpine (9500 to 13500 ft.); dry areas, gravelly slopes and meadows.
Plant: Tufted perennial 4 to 12 inches tall, one to several stems.
Leaves: Pinnately-compound leaves with the top 5 leaflets digitate and another opposite pair below separated by a length of leaf, and often a much smaller pair still further down the stem; leaflet surfaces green or grayish-green and slightly hairy, underside white-woolly. See photo below.
Inflorescence: Saucer-shaped yellow flowers 3/8 to 5/8-inch across, with 5 overlapping petals and hairy sepals; numerous stamens and pistils; very short bractlets below.
Bloom Period: June to August.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, "Alpine Flora of the Rocky Mountains" by Richard Scott and Wyoming Natural Diversity Database.
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native


© Tom Lebsack 2020