Castilleja species

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Scientific Name Castilleja occidentalis USDA PLANTS Symbol CAOC4
Common Name Western Indian Paintbrush ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 33073
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Subalpine to alpine (10000 to 14000 ft.); meadows and tundra.
Plant: Erect semi-parasitic perennial to 8 inches tall, stems purplish and woody near base.
Leaves: Linear, alternate, up to 3 inches long with three distinctive lengthwise veins; upper leaves may have two small lobes at the side, near the (pointed) tip.
Inflorescence: Thin, inconspicuous green flower tubes surrounded by large, greenish-yellow bracts, which become purple from the base when mature; flowers have a protruding lower lip and a larger upper lip; bracts, stem and leaves covered with long white hairs.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, www.swcoloradowildflowers.com, and www.americansouthwest.net.
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native
Scientific Name Castilleja sulphurea (Castilleja septentrionalis) USDA PLANTS Symbol CASU12
Common Name Sulphur Indian Paintbrush ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 33083
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Subalpine to alpine (6400 to 11500 ft.); forests, streamsides and meadows.
Plant: Erect semi-parasitic perennial with few to several stems 10 to 22 inches tall; may be branched above; and red to maroon.
Leaves: Smooth alternate, lanceolate to almost linear stem leaves 3/4 to 2-1/3 inches long; tinged maroon, prominently veined.
Inflorescence: Thin, inconspicuous green flower tubes surrounded by large, pale yellow bracts; flowers have a protruding lower lip and a larger upper lip.
Note: Often found with C. miniata and C. rhexifolia.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, SW Colorado Wildflowers and SEINet.
BONAP Distribution Map


Castilleja septentrionalis
Colorado Status:
Native


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© Tom Lebsack 2021