Viola species

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Scientific Name Viola canadensis var. scopulorum USDA PLANTS Symbol VICAS2
Common Name White Violet ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 530829
Family Violaceae (Violet) Flora of North America Ref. Click Here
Description Life zones and habitat: Foothills to subalpine (5000 to 10500 ft.); moist, shaded slopes, woodlands.
Plant: Short, multi-stemmed, perennial 6 to 12 inches tall, 1 to 3 branches.
Leaves: Bright green basal and stem leaves, petiolate, broadly heart-shaped with pointed tips, 1/2 to 1-1/4 inches long, toothed edges.
Inflorescence: White flowers about 1-inch across or less; 5 petals, lowermost larger than others; yellow throat, 3 lower petals with purplish lines.
Bloom Period: April to July.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, "Wildflowers of the Rocky Mountains" by Carl Schreier and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native
Scientific Name Viola renifolia USDA PLANTS Symbol VIRE2
Common Name Kidney-leaf Violet, Northern White Violet ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 22156
Family Violaceae (Violet) Flora of North America Ref. Click Here
Description Montane to subalpine (9000 to 11000 ft.); moist shaded areas, stream banks, bogs.
Plant: Very short stemless perennial 2 to 4 inches tall, hairless or nearly so; no stolons.
Leaves: 1 to 5 bright green basal leaves, on long petioles, often more than twice as long as the petals; blades reniform-cordate or broadly ovate or orbiculate, 1-1/4 to 2 inches across, about as long as wide, serrate-crenate edges.
Inflorescence: White flowers about 1/2-inch across or less on peduncles shorter or about the same length as petioles; 5 petals, lowermost larger than others; 3 lower petals with purplish lines; sepals lanceolate to ovate.
Bloom Period: May to July.
References: Flora of North America, "The Violets of Colorado" by Alice Marial Spotts in California Botanical Society "Madrono" and Wildflowers of Peak 7
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native
Rare

Click for yellow species and blue species.

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© Tom Lebsack 2020