Valeriana species

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Scientific Name Valeriana acutiloba var. acutiloba USDA PLANTS Symbol VAACA
Common Name Sharp-leaf Valerian ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 530770
Family Valerianaceae (Valerian) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane and subalpine (7500 to 13000 ft.); moist areas in meadows and forest openings.
Plant: Erect, smooth perennial 6 to 18 inches tall.
Leaves: Basal leaves on short stalks, undivided, obovate-spatulate to oblong or ovate up to 3 inches long; opposite stem leaves in 2 to 4 pairs, usually pinnately-lobed with small side lobes.
Inflorescence: Very small pinkish-white flowers about 1/4-inch across in small hemispherical clusters less than 2 inches across; each blossom with five lobes (or petals) and protruding stamens.
Bloom Period: June to August.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, Montana Plant Life and "A Guide to Rocky Mountain Plants" by Nelson and Williams.
BONAP Distribution Map
Colorado Status:
Native
Scientific Name Valeriana edulis var. edulis USDA PLANTS Symbol VAEDE
Common Name Edible Valerian, Tobacco Root ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 35360
Family Valerianaceae (Valerian) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane and subalpine (6200 to 12700 ft.); moist areas in meadows, hillsides.
Plant: Erect, smooth perennial up to 48 inches tall, depending on conditions.
Leaves: Numerous, large basal leaves on short petioles, linear to obovate-shaped up to 6 inches long; smaller opposite stem leaves in 2 to 6 pairs, mostly pinnately-lobed with narrow segments; leaves have hairless surfaces but edges have closely-spaced, extremely small hairs giving a white appearance.
Inflorence: Very small greenish-white flowers much less than 1/4-inch across in a compact panicle with opposite branching; flowers are dioecious (separate male and female flowers) or bisexual; lobes/petals rolled up; male blossoms with 3 slightly protruding stamens.
Bloom Period: June to August.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, EFLORA-BC, Burke Museum-Washington and SEINet.
BONAP Distribution Map
Colorado Status:
Native
Scientific Name Valeriana occidentalis USDA PLANTS Symbol VAOC2
Common Name Western Valerian ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 35362
Family Valerianaceae (Valerian) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane to subalpine (6400 to 11000 ft.); moist areas in meadows and hillsides.
Plant: Erect perennial up to 30 inches tall; curving, grooved stem.
Leaves: Numerous, large basal, spatulate leaves on short petioles; smaller opposite pairs of pinnately-compound stem leaves, each with lanceolate to ovate leaflets, and upper stems divided into linear-lanceolate lobes or leaflets.
Inflorence: Very small white flowers less than 1/4-inch across in a compact panicle with opposite branching; flowers are dioecious (separate male and female flowers) or bisexual; 5 pointed lobes/petals; male blossoms with 3 protruding stamens.
Bloom Period: July to September.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, "Guide to Colorado Wildflowers" by G.K. Guennel, "A Guide to Rocky Mountain Plants" by Nelson and Williams.
BONAP Distribution Map
Colorado Status:
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2020