Salix species

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Scientific Name Salix brachycarpa USDA PLANTS Symbol SABR
Common Name Barrenground Willow, Short-fruit Willow ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 22510
Family Saliceae (Willow) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane to alpine (7000 to 13500 ft.); wet areas in meadows and along streams and ponds.
Plant: Bush up to 6 feet tall; erect or sprawling, stout branches; overall grayish-green appearance; new-growth stems are reddish.
Leaves: Pale grayish-green with small hairs on top, whitish and wooly underneath, oblong, elliptic, obovate or narrowly oblanceolate; 0.8 to 1.2 inches long and 0.2 to 0.6 inches wide.
Inflorescence: Female catkins less than 3/4-inch long and rounded; male catkins less than 1/2-inch long with yellow/reddish anthers.
Bloom Period: May and June.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, "Guide to Colorado Wildflowers" by G.K. Guennel and "A Guide to Rocky Mountain Plants" by Nelson and Williams.
Note: Often found growing together with S. planifolia (see photo below).
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native
Scientific Name Salix glauca USDA PLANTS Symbol SAGL
Common Name Grayleaf Willow ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 22482
Family Saliceae (Willow) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane and alpine (7500 to 13500 ft.); well-drained soils in open areas.
Plant: Erect shrub generally 3 to 4 feet tall; taller in favorable sites, but much shorter on exposed tundra sites; overall grayish-green appearance; branches brownish to red-brown; new twigs reddish.
Leaves: Elliptic, oblanceolate or obovate-shaped, 1 to 1-3/4-inches long, hairy surfaces, bluish-white, waxy coating beneath, entire edges; yellowish petioles 3/8-inch long or less.
Inflorescence: Female catkins 3/4-inch to 2 inches long; male catkins 1/2 to 1-1/4 inches long; bracts below are brownish to green.
Bloom Period: May to July.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, US Forest Service and SEINet.
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native
Scientific Name Salix planifolia USDA PLANTS Symbol SAPL2
Common Name Plane-leaf Willow Willow ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 22569
Family Saliceae (Willow) SEINet
Reference
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Description Life zones and habitat: Montane to alpine (8000 to 13500 ft.); wet meadows, along streams, ponds and boggy areas.
Plant: Bush up to 9 feet tall below timberline; 2 to 3 feet tall in alpine environments; erect or sprawling, stout branches; overall green appearance; new-growth stems are dark, glossy and reddish brown.
Leaves: Smooth green leaves with prominent veins, narrowly- oblong, elliptic or oblanceolate, 0.8 to 1.9 inches long and 0.2 to 0.6 inches wide, with pointed tips.
Inflorescence: Female catkins up to 2 inches long; male catkins less than 1 inch long with reddish/purple anthers.
Bloom Period: May to July.
References: "Flora of Colorado" by Jennifer Ackerfield, "Guide to Colorado Wildflowers" by G.K. Guennel, "A Guide to Rocky Mountain Plants" by Nelson and Williams, and SEINet.
Note: Often found growing together with S. brachycarpa (see photo below).
BONAP Distribution Map

Colorado Status:
Native



© Tom Lebsack 2020